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Archive for April, 2014

When most people think of Glycemic, what comes to mind is usually basic information that’s not particularly interesting or beneficial. But there’s a lot more to Glycemic than just the basics.

Currently, there are many different medications that treat diabetes. Most people who are diagnosed with Type II diabetes are given medication instead of insulin. In most cases, a combination of drugs are used. These drugs work with the body to increase insulin production and make it easier for the body to eliminate glucose.

Sulfonylureas are one of the most popular drugs used to treat diabetes. There are several different types of this drug on the market, the most popular being Glucotrol. These drugs work by increasing the amount of insulin released from the pancreas. These drugs work well in lowering blood glucose levels but also run a risk of a person developing hypoglycemia. Hypoglycemia is when the blood sugar level is too low. Because of this potentially dangerous side effect, sulfonylureas are often given with other drugs, most notably Glucophage, or more commonly known as Metformin. This drug works well with Glucotrol as it reduces the amount of glucose in the liver while the Glucotrol increases the amount of insulin in the pancreas. Both medications must be taken prior to meals. Most people who are first diagnosed with Type II diabetes are given this combination of drugs which, when taken as directed, are effective at maintaining a healthy blood glucose level.

Another drug that is showing promise in working well with Metformin is Prandin. Prandin also lowers blood glucose levels but at a slower rate than Metformin and has shown good results in studies. Like Glucotrol, Prandin increases the amount of insulin in the body and can also cause hypoglycemia. It is very important for a patient with diabetes to work with their physician to get the right dosage of each medication and never double a dosage or cut one in half. Prandin cannot be used in women who are pregnant or nursing children.

Starlix is another drug that works similar to Prandin but does not require adjustments. The dosage remains constant and is also safe to use on those with kidney problems. Starlix is yet another promising drug being used to treat people with Type II Diabetes.

The information about Glycemic presented here will do one of two things: either it will reinforce what you know about Glycemic or it will teach you something new. Both are good outcomes.

While most medications that treat diabetes increase insulin developed in the pancreas and decrease the glucose in the liver, newer medications are being marketed that decrease the absorption of carbohydrates in the intestines. Precose did remarkably well in trial studies in breaking down the carbohydrates in the system, making it easier to eliminate. However, this medication has not done as well as the sulfonlureas, which are considered the best possible medications that treat diabetes at this time. However, for those who are allergic to sulfur, Precose is a good alternate.

Other new medications that are concentrating on controlling the glycemic control in the system include Symlin and Byetta. While these drugs have proven to be show promise, more testing is needed before they can replace traditional therapies.

A diagnosis of Type II diabetes may be frightening for an individual, but there are many different medications available that can keep this disease at bay. It is very important, however, for a patient to be totally complaint in order for these medications to work effectively. It may take increased dosages, lowered dosages or different combinations of medications in order to get the right balance that will help you maintain a healthy blood glucose level. This is why it is so important for an individual to carefully monitor their blood glucose level throughout the day and keep a record for the physician.

By working with your physician and reporting symptoms and results of blood glucose monitoring, you can empower yourself to keep your diabetes in check and avoid any complications that are associated with this disease.

Of course, it’s impossible to put everything about Glycemic into just one article. But you can’t deny that you’ve just added to your understanding about Glycemic, and that’s time well spent.

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By Anders Eriksson, proud owner of this top ranked web hosting reseller site: GVO Hosting

When you’re learning about something new, it’s easy to feel overwhelmed by the sheer amount of relevant information available. This informative article should help you focus on the central points.

In the Oxford Handbook of Criminology, there is a chapter in the book that was written by Jock Young. This chapter is entitled ?Recent Paradigms in Criminology?. This piece of work is used by many people in order to take a critical look at criminology and the ways in which crime is affected by society and other influences. There is a particular influence that is placed on the society in which a crime takes place. In some areas the structure and organization which supports crime and the criminals, while in other areas there is more of an emphasis that is placed on the disorganization of society as a major factor in the perpetuation of crime in the area. In order to limit crime, it is important that individuals within a society put forth the effort to understand what it is that causes crime and the release of the criminal element into the culture or society.

Jock Young?s chapter is a very important piece of the Oxford Handbook of Criminology. In many ways the entire books is an fundamental theory compellation for the United Kingdom, but Young?s chapter of recent paradigms in criminology helps readers and academics understand the new ways in which crime has changed or evolved over time. In addition, there are a number of ways in which differences in society and culture have shaped the ways in which individuals view the criminal elements in their society and the types of crimes that may take place within the region.

So far, we’ve uncovered some interesting facts about Criminology. You may decide that the following information is even more interesting.

Many things may help to bring forth a deviant behavior from a particular individual, but many people are interested in learning how these elements may incite one person to commit a crime, while another person may experience those same elements and have no inclination to act out with deviant behavior against the society in which they are located.

In addition, it can be very helpful and effective for individuals to look at different individualizing factors. Some of these factors include the gender of a person, their age and their social class. These things may not initially seem to have an effect on criminology and the crimes that take place in an area, but the science of criminology has roots that incorporate these differences in important ways. Some people believe that there are a number of instances in which the gender of a person is ignored when it comes to crimes and criminology.

There are a number of instances in which the male perspective in applied to all accounts of crime, regardless of whether or not the crime was committed by a male or a female criminal. Because of this, it is important for us to step back and look at the aspects to consider in order to accurately formulate theories in the field of criminology that are better and more complete. Jock Young is able to show many different ways in which this can be done by looking at new paradigms in Criminology that can be used by individuals who are interested in developing new theories and ideas.

About the Author
By Cher Tour Tickets, feel free to visit our Cher Tickets site: Cher Tickets
In entertainment news, find Cher Tickets now for the 2014 Dressed To Kill Tour. See Cher Live as she performs new songs off her Closer To The Truth album and a lot of her other great hits!

In today’s world, it seems that almost any topic is open for debate. While I was gathering facts for this article, I was quite surprised to find some of the issues I thought were settled are actually still being openly discussed.

Relocating to another part of the country can really be a challenge. This is especially true if it is your very first try at relocating to another address from somewhere far from your usual neighborhood. Aside from the preparations needed and the packing tasks ahead, there is the challenge of trying to feel at home in a new surrounding and environment.

But first things first, relocating really requires early planning and preparation. There are some things that you should always consider when you head out to move. First of all, you have to make sure that the place that you will be locating into would be ready by the time you make your transfer. This would require a lot of trips to an fro your next destination in order to make sure that relocating won’t be getting into any hitches by the time you move in. it can be quite stressful that you move into a certain apartment without first checking with the landlord. It may be possible that the former occupant would still be there.

When you have a considerable number of things to bring along with you on your relocation, then it might be good to get the services of a moving company. Movers can help you have your belongings safely transported into your new address. But it may not be as easy as you might think. You may need to choose a mover who really takes care of their customers. There are other movers, and many people may have the unfortunate chance of getting their services, who don’t seem to care as much for their customer’s property as others. The result would be a lot of item damage and additional headaches.

If your Relocation facts are out-of-date, how will that affect your actions and decisions? Make certain you don’t let important Relocation information slip by you.

But one thing that would help ensure that your things won’t have to risk damage is by properly packing them. It pays to know how to pack your things properly, especially if they have to go through a long trip. Moving your things from one place to another would surely put them in some kind of stress. That is why it is important to pack them carefully. The package and the materials you use would be the sole means of protection that your things would have during the trip.

Another thing to consider when transporting your things to another location is getting the right insurance plan. There are different insurance plans to cover your property when you try to move them. It would differ in terms of the coverage. You would need to consider the value as well as the durability of the items that you have to move and then consider getting the right insurance coverage for them.

Not providing sufficient coverage for things that you consider valuable would cost you in the long run since movers can only be held accountable for a certain amount in case of damage. In certain coverage options, the movers may only be held liable for about more or less half of the value of your property.

There fore it pays to know the range of coverage that your property has with the movers as well as how much it would take to provide better protection coverage for your things during relocation.

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By Anders Eriksson, proud owner of this top ranked web hosting reseller site: GVO Hosting

The following paragraphs summarize the work of Glycemic experts who are completely familiar with all the aspects of Glycemic. Heed their advice to avoid any Glycemic surprises.

Perhaps you, like many other Americans, have recently been diagnosed with diabetes. Diabetes can be a life threatening condition and can cause many different complications in individuals with this illness. If you or a loved one has recently been diagnosed with diabetes, be aware that you can control diabetes. By maintaining your weight, following the instructions of your doctor and taking your medication, as well as watching your diet, you can eliminate the complications that often arise in someone with this condition.

There are many ways you can control diabetes. Many people who are first diagnosed have a period of time where they are in denial. Although Type II diabetes has become somewhat of a national epidemic, many people refuse to believe that they could possibly have this disease. Perhaps they are not overweight or do not eat a lot of sweets. These are only two precursors to diabetes. Many people who are not overweight or who do not eat a lot of sugar have also been diagnosed with Type II diabetes. It strikes everyone. And there are also some indications that it can be an inherited disorder. If you have a first degree relative who has diabetes, there is a very good chance that you may inherit this disorder. You should bring this matter to the attention of your physician so he or she can do some simple blood tests to determine if you are at risk for diabetes.

You can control diabetes. If you are diagnosed with Type II diabetes, one of the first things you need to do is to get a blood sugar monitor so that you can keep a record of your blood sugar. Your doctor will want you to do this several times a day, particularly after you eat. You will also, most likely, be prescribed certain medications. You should take them as directed. You will also be given diet suggestions.

How can you put a limit on learning more? The next section may contain that one little bit of wisdom that changes everything.

Many people who have Type II diabetes are non compliant. This means that they do not take their medicine, monitor their blood sugar and eat all the wrong things. You can control diabetes if you simply comply with your doctor’s instructions.

One of the best things you can do to control diabetes is by being aware of the Glycemic Index that is given to certain carbohydrates. Those with Type II diabetes are warned to stay away from carbohydrates. Diabetics have a difficult time breaking down the sugars and starches and absorbing them into their system. Certain carbohydrates have higher blood glucose levels which takes them longer break down. By being aware of which carbohydrates rank high in the glycemic index is just one way to monitor the glycerin, which is the amount of glucose in the blood. It is imperative for a diabetic to monitor their glycemia.

You can control diabetes if you take your prescribed medication, monitor your blood sugars, become aware of carbohydrates that are high in the gylcemic index and keep an eye on your glycemia, which is the concentration of glucose in the blood. By complying with medication, testing and diet, you can keep your diabetes under control.

About the Author
By Anders Eriksson, now offering the best guide on movie downloads over at free movie downloads

In order for anyone to get a degree in Criminology, it is important that they pass a series of tests that have been standardized and mandated by the specific college which the student attends or in which the student partakes. In order to ensure that men and women struggling to receive a criminology degree know the important basics of criminology and the relationship between crime and the public, it is important for the students to learn the same basic elements of the field. For example, there are three widely held beliefs that define different causes of crime and the criminal. These are known as the schools of thought for Criminology. The lesson plan at any college would then likely, if not undoubtedly, include an exploration of these different schools of thought in order to examine how people viewed the field over time. It is also important to note the differences that take place over time. Many people may not know it, but more schools of thought opened up after it was revealed that there might be some kind of link between an individual and their chemical or genetic makeup. Even hormones have been speculated to make a difference in this field.

It’s really a good idea to probe a little deeper into the subject of Criminology. What you learn may give you the confidence you need to venture into new areas.

By looking at the different schools of thought, an individual can understand how time and scientific advances lead to a more individual understanding of how crime is produced. Many theories also arose in order to try to help explain what affected an individual and enticed them to commit a crime, including how society in general may have contributed to this calling. Lombroso believed that a criminal is born with the particular defect, and that a man or woman that possessed the chemical and biological makeup of a criminal will have no choice but to succumb to that lifestyle. Supporters believe that this is the nature of the criminal, and no amount of nurturing can change the outcome. Initially, crime was expected, by individuals such as Cohen and Felson, to be a choice. These people believe that criminals could choose to make a different decision but due to indifference or lack of knowledge, these individuals do not want to choose morality over the instant gratification that is rewarded by crime. These different theories would test and be attributed to the different criminologists, all done while students are engaged in a criminology class, and preparing for the life that awaits them after graduation.

A look at the criminal mind and the rational mind would also likely help individuals to establish their own personal beliefs about criminology and the reactions of society and deviance. It is important to allow individuals to examine these things individually in order to encourage students taking part in a lesson plan for the material to be able to form their own opinion, without it being the suggestion of someone else. In this way, it can be suggested that bias does not affect the lives of the individuals that are studying criminology, or influence the way in which they think about or relate to crime.

If you’ve picked some pointers about Criminology that you can put into action, then by all means, do so. You won’t really be able to gain any benefits from your new knowledge if you don’t use it.

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By Cher Tour Tickets, feel free to visit our Cher Tickets site: Cher Tickets
In entertainment news, find Cher Tickets now for the 2014 Dressed To Kill Tour. See Cher Live as she performs new songs off her Closer To The Truth album and a lot of her other great hits!

If you’re seriously interested in knowing about Building Self Esteem, you need to think beyond the basics. This informative article takes a closer look at things you need to know about Building Self Esteem.

As partners in life, couples have a responsibility to help each other out. The same is also true when it comes to psychological matters. This is why it is important that a person strives to help his or her partner improve his or her self-esteem.

Helping your partner improve his or her self-esteem is one of the best ways for you to express your love for him or her. Your are not only doing him a favor when you boost his or her self-esteem, you are also contributing to the longevity of your relationship. For a relationship to work out, both partners must be emotionally and psychologically mature. A healthy self-image or self-esteem is one of the indications of maturity.

Below are some ways that you can do to help your mate improve his or her self-esteem.

Acknowledge that nobody is perfect.

Keep in mind that nobody is perfect. So do not expect yourself or your partner to be one. Instead, believe that any body has the capacity to change. So whatever is the current state of your partner right now, know that he or she can still improve on his or her situation.

It is also important that you accept your partner for what he or she is. Never, ever tell your partner that you wish he or she is someone different. This could have a very damaging effect on his or her self-esteem. An effect that would take a lot of time and effort to fix. If you really love your partner you will accept him or her for what he or she is. This includes her flaws and shortcomings.

Do not be stingy on praises and compliments

The best time to learn about Building Self Esteem is before you’re in the thick of things. Wise readers will keep reading to earn some valuable Building Self Esteem experience while it’s still free.

If your partner has done or accomplished something that is praiseworthy then go ahead and praise or compliment him or her for it. To be most effective, you must give your partner a compliment at least once everyday. Even small compliments would mean a lot. For example, you can tell your partner how good he or she looks in her office attire before he or she goes to work or how you love the smell of his or her new cologne.

Giving compliments would not just do wonders for your partner’s self-esteem; it could also bring magic to your relationship.
Avoid harsh criticisms

Paying compliments does not mean that you have to lie. It does not help for your mate’s self-esteem, to be brutally frankly either. If you do not really like what he or she is wearing, then tell him or her that you like the one he or she wore last week better instead of telling him or her that that what he or she is wearing sucks.

Listen! Listen! Listen!

Good constant communication is one of the secrets of a lasting relationship. And in communication it is as equally important to listen as it is to talk. Be your mate’s most attentive audience. Whenever he or she is saying something, give him or her your full attention. Knowing that you are listening attentively to him would boost his or her confidence and would increase his or her self-esteem.

By doing the things above, you can help your mate increase his or her self-esteem. After helping your partner build a strong self-esteem, you will also notice that your relationship will also improve. So take time out to these things right now.

Now you can be a confident expert on Building Self Esteem. OK, maybe not an expert. But you should have something to bring to the table next time you join a discussion on Building Self Esteem.

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By Anders Eriksson, proud owner of this top ranked web hosting reseller site: GVO Hosting

One of the important issues that parents need to address while their kids are growing up is how to develop their kids? self-esteem. Self-esteem refers to the degree by which we respect and love ourselves for who we are.

Although it can be developed during any period of one?s life, the foundation of self-esteem is often built during the growing up years when the ego is still in the process of development.

Many scientists and experts in psychology believe that self-esteem is a matter of chance. There are babies who are born with high self-esteem and there are others who need further development. Some even say that parents who have high self-esteem will most likely produce babies who also have high self-esteem.

But whether it is a matter of genes or personality lottery, no one can say for sure. Although there are evidences that point out to a genetic link, nothing has ever been proven yet.

This is not to say though that what we are born with will remain with us and that we are basically a prisoner of what we have been given with. We can actually develop our self-esteem anytime. But of course, having a good foundation of self-esteem when we are young will not hurt us in the long run. The environment plays a large role in the development of one?s self-esteem. In fact, one?s experiences can increases or decrease the levels of our self-esteem.

If you base what you do on inaccurate information, you might be unpleasantly surprised by the consequences. Make sure you get the whole Building Self Esteem story from informed sources.

There are actually a lot of factors that may affect the development of self-esteem and thereby result in low self-esteem. Parental practice, for one, is a major factor especially to the growing child. How our parents treat us will determine how we treat ourselves when we grow up and how we let other people treat us.

Another factor is the social group experiences that we encounter in our lifetime. Positive experiences for instance will increase our levels as opposed to negative and traumatic experiences, which bring about low self-esteem.

The friends that we choose is another factor that will affect the kind of self-esteem that we have. Friends who nurture and are great influence to us will help us develop and increase our low self-esteem while those who seek to put us down will only contribute to our downfall. This is why it is important to also choose the group that we will go with as they can determine the kind of self-esteem that we will develop while we are with them.

Surrounding ourselves with people who affirm our talents and capabilities, people who believe in us, increases our self-confidence. And when we trust ourselves enough to do our work well, we actually do the work well. This leads to positive cycle that will increase our self-esteem to high levels.

Another factor that builds the self-esteem is the kind of activities that we enjoy and the things that we do. For instance, being stuck with a college course that we do not like can do bad things for our self-esteem as opposed to being enrolled in a course that we enjoy and is interested in.

Being able to do the things that we love can help in building our self-esteem. When we love what we do, we become enthusiastic and we do our best. This leads to remarkable achievements and accomplishments, which will then increase our self-esteem.

There’s no doubt that the topic of Building Self Esteem can be fascinating. If you still have unanswered questions about Building Self Esteem, you may find what you’re looking for in the next article.

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By Anders Eriksson, now offering the best guide on movie downloads over at free movie downloads

The following paragraphs summarize the work of Relocation experts who are completely familiar with all the aspects of Relocation. Heed their advice to avoid any Relocation surprises.

If you need help with your relocation, the best company to that is a moving company. In fact, there are some of them around and they offer their services not only to commercial but residential clients as well.

When looking for a moving company, ask for referrals before you look online or in the phone book. Once you get a few names, give them a call and then invite them over to give you an estimate.

While a representative is around, don?t be afraid to ask questions and pay attention to what they have to say. It will be good to ask how they wrap your items when they pack it. The best way to pack is by using blanket wrapping since this is the most effective way to prevent dents and scratches.

If during their assessment they notice that there are some items that will not fit in your truck, they should tell you straight out that this will be a problem but they have a solution which is to disassembled it and then put it back together once the move has been completed.

In cases where this cannot be done, the moving company should find another way to transport it like perhaps creating a custom made crate.

When you are looking for a moving company, be sure that they are licensed and insured so in the event that something is damaged during transit, they will be able to pay for it.

If your Relocation facts are out-of-date, how will that affect your actions and decisions? Make certain you don’t let important Relocation information slip by you.

There are a few concerns when you go out and look for a moving company. For one, some companies charge a very low fee but then bite you in the back because of hidden fees.

Another is whether or not the moving company is legitimate. Fortunately, you can lay your fears to rest by doing a background check by calling the Better Business Bureau and previous clients who have had business with them in the past.

Although there are some moving companies that can be there at your doorstep in short notice, it is better to plan ahead of time like a month or so in advance so you don?t forget anything. You can even pack slowly during this time especially your personal belongings and valuables so when the moving company arrives, they will deal with the rest like the furniture and the appliances.

A relocation company has to put a lot of care and attention to your needs otherwise they wouldn?t be able to stay in business. Once you compare all the offers, decide which one you want to hire because the other alternative which is very tiring will be for you to rent a truck and then haul the items from your old house to the new one.

For your protection, read what is written in the contract before you sign so you know that what they estimated is more or less what the total cost will be. Should the price skyrocket all of a sudden, report the company to the authorities so no one else will fall victim to them.

When you need help with your relocation, don?t take it upon yourself to do the work when there are professionals who do this for a living. You just have to find out that you can trust and then let them take care of the rest.

About the Author
By Cher Tour Tickets, feel free to visit our Cher Tickets site: Cher Tickets
In entertainment news, find Cher Tickets now for the 2014 Dressed To Kill Tour. See Cher Live as she performs new songs off her Closer To The Truth album and a lot of her other great hits!

There are a number of studies and journals that are involved in the discussion of criminology. One of the most widely read and well reputed journals that study and examine criminology would be the British Journal of Criminology. Quality pieces and articles that are contributed from sources from around the world are gathered in issues of the British Journal of Criminology. It is very easy for individuals, either from a scholarly or academic perspective or even those from a researcher?s perspective, to use the British Journal of Criminology as a reference source because of the reputation that the Journal has. However, it does not just expose the work of different academics, but also publishes articles that peers write and have reviewed, as well as a book review segment within the Journal.

It’s really a good idea to probe a little deeper into the subject of Criminology. What you learn may give you the confidence you need to venture into new areas.

The British Journal of Criminology has its publishing basis within the United Kingdom, but its shipment range is much more expansive and in fact spans the entire globe. Regardless of their place of residency in the world, individuals can subscribe to the British Journal of Criminology. Even if an individual does not wish to subscribe to the British Journal of Criminology, it is also fairly easy to locate the Journal at libraries. Many back issues are supported in the libraries because of the notoriety that it receives in the literary world as well as in the world of the criminologist. Regardless of whether or not an individual is able or willing to secure a subscription to the British Journal of Criminology, the many different articles that are featured can have a profound effect on the individuals that read them. There are a number of different topics that are explored with each issue, and this allows the reader to learn about various aspects of the human mind when it is exposed to crime, and crime?s effect on the community. Some of the perspectives that the articles deal with include criminology?s relationship with sociology, anthropology, law, social fields and social work, and economics. By exploring the different ways in which these varying and equally important aspects play out in crime and within the criminal mind, individuals are able to broaden the ways in which they relate to and experience crime and the individual criminal, at least on an intellectual level.

Many instances exist in which an individual would want to reference the different thoughts and feelings expressed within the British Journal of Criminology. Sometimes a student will need to cite different sources in order to back up a particular thesis or type of thought which can be improved by some of the articles that have been published in the Journal. In other instances, the thoughts and ideas of others can be built upon in order to further define an individual?s belief of crime and the criminal element. By establishing a theory with supporting elements, it is possible for an individual that was published in the journal to be contacted and asked to help in a criminal case. In many instances, this is done on the part of the author by elaborating on the conclusions that they have come to in their article or journal pieces.

This article’s coverage of the information is as complete as it can be today. But you should always leave open the possibility that future research could uncover new facts.

About the Author
By Anders Eriksson, proud owner of this top ranked web hosting reseller site: GVO Hosting

In today’s world, it seems that almost any topic is open for debate. While I was gathering facts for this article, I was quite surprised to find some of the issues I thought were settled are actually still being openly discussed.

The lowest pitched and largest brass instrument known is the tuba. The tuba is one of the newest members of the modern symphony orchestra. It was first publicly played in the middle of the 19th century when it took the place of the ophicleide. The player produces sound by vibrating his lips against a large cup-shaped mouthpiece.

The term tuba is Latin for horn or trumpet. It is largely comparable to the baroque trumpet.


The very first tuba was invented by Richard Wagner, a German composer. Aside from composing music and creating the tuba, Wagner also increased the significance of woodwinds in the orchestra. He broke the brass section into four divisions. The first section is a brass trumpet with three trumpets; the second is a bass tuba with three trombones; third, four French horns; last is four tubas.

The primary design of this instrument for marching but nowadays it is more commonly played while sitting. The tuba was held by the player on his shoulder with the bell aimed forward. This directs the sound to the area where the marchers are headed.

In the early Europe, instrumentalists kept on altering the tuba designs and giving it a new name so not many were certain of what the tuba really was. It was hard for the people to find a tuba that was accurately constructed. This made the tuba much less famous in its young stages.

Types of tubas

Sometimes the most important aspects of a subject are not immediately obvious. Keep reading to get the complete picture.

The tuba with the lowest pitch is the contrabass tuba which is pitch in B flat or C. Another type of tuba is the bass tuba that is smaller compared to the contrabass and pitched in E flat or F. Its pitch is a fourth higher than the contrabass tuba. The F tuba is the standard instrument of the orchestras in most of Europe. It is usually played by professionals in solo and to play in higher positions in the classical ensemble. On the other hand, the E flat tuba produces sound that is an octave higher than the contrabass tubas and is the customary orchestral tuba in the United Kingdom.

The tenor tuba, also called euphonium, is pitched one octave above the contrabass tuba, B flat. B flat valve tubas are sometimes specifically called tenor tuba. Although tremendously rare, there are also BBB-flat subcontrabass tubas. There are four known of this type and the first two were made by Gustav Benson with the idea from John Philip Sousa.

Playing the tuba

To assemble the tuba, position the mouthpiece in the tube with a gentle, twisting motion. Never pop or strike it into position. Remember to apply oil on the valves each day you play the tuba. Dismantle the valves one by one, put three oil drops, and place the valves back. You would know that the valve is not in the correct place if you blow hard but the air is blocked.

Draw the major tuning slide out to make the tuba longer and thus lower the pitch. Push the major tuning slide in to make the pitch higher.

Removing the mouthpiece by force could destroy the braces of the tuba. Thus, do not try to dismantle the mouthpiece yourself if it gets jammed while playing. There is a special tool designed to remove the mouthpiece safely.


Maintenance of the instrument is very important in preserving its integrity and quality of acoustic performance. Rinse the mouthpiece with a mouthpiece brush and lukewarm water every week and don?t forget to bathe the instrument every month. Disassemble the slides and valves and scrub through the instrument using valve brushes and snake brushes with warm water and soap. Do not use hot water because this may damage the tuba?s finish. After all these, assemble the tuba once again. Apply grease on the slides and oil on the valves.

That’s the latest from the Musical Instruments authorities. Once you’re familiar with these ideas, you’ll be ready to move to the next level.

About the Author
By Anders Eriksson, proud owner of this top ranked web hosting reseller site: GVO Hosting