Article Directory –
Do you need info on a specific topic? – maybe it’s in here..

Archive for the ‘3G’ Category

Nowadays, people all over the world can enjoy the benefits of 3G technology. Just a few years back, 2G was the norm, and before that, more “crude” processes of accessibility and the like. The networks have evolved significantly, as the largest nations of the world work nonstop to continue to deliver the best services to consumers. You can learn more about the process by checking how 2G technology moved on to 3G. Here are the details.

The 2G Network

Initially, 2G networks were created mainly for slow transmission and voice data. Because of the quick changes in the expectations of users, these no longer meet the requirements today in terms of wireless connection. The movement and evolution from 2G to 3G technology can be divided into several phases, namely GPRS, EDGE and pure 3G.


The first big step in the move to 3G happened through the launching and launching of General Packet Radio Service or GPRS. The cellular services, mixed with GPRS resulted to 2.5G. GPRS was capable of giving data rates ranging from 56 kbit/s up to a maximum of 114 kbit/s. This can be used for services like WAP or Wireless Application Protocol access, MMS or Multimedia Messaging Service, SMS or Short Message Service and internet communication services like World Wide Web access and email.

The data transfer of GPRS is usually charged for each megabyte of traffic being transferred, while the data communication via the usual circuit switching is charged by the minute of connection period, regardless of whether the consumer actually used the capability or is just in idle mode.

If you base what you do on inaccurate information, you might be unpleasantly surprised by the consequences. Make sure you get the whole 3G story from informed sources.

GPRS is a top-effort packet switched service, compared to circuit switching, where there is a given QoS or Quality of Service is certified during the connection for non-mobile users. It gives medium speed data transfer, via the use of idle Time division multiple access or TDMA channels. Before, there used to be some believe to stretch GPRS to take over other standards. Instead, the networks are usually changed to use the standard of GSM, making GSM the new release. The original standard was conducted by the ETSI or European Telecommunications Standards Institute, but is now the 3GPP or 3rd Generation Partnership Project.


The GPRS networks have changed significantly to EDGE networks, through the presentation of 8PSK encoding. Enhanced information rates for EDGE or GSM Evolution, IMT Single Carrier or IMT-SC and Enhanced GPRS is a reverse-compatible digital mobile phone technology, allowing improved data transmission rates, as an extension over the standard GSM. EDGE can be counted as a 3G radio technology, involved in ITU’s 3G description, but is usually frequently referred to as 2.75G. EDGE was launched on GSM networks, starting in 2003, by Cingular now at the start in the United States.


3GPP standardized EDGE as it belonged in the GSM group. It is considered as an upgrade that gives a potential 3-fold boost in the capacity of GPRS and GSM networks. The specification gets bigger data rates by altering to very sophisticated processes of coding, particularly 8PSK, inside the GSM timeslots. EDGE can be applied in various packet switched applications, like the internet, other multimedia and video.

Pure 3G is the introduction of UMTS technology and networks from EDGE networks. As of the present, more work on the development of the 4G is still underway.

Those who only know one or two facts about 3G can be confused by misleading information. The best way to help those who are misled is to gently correct them with the truths you’re learning here.

About the Author
By Anders Eriksson, now offering the host then profit baby plan for only $1 over at Host Then Profit

If you have even a passing interest in the topic of 3G, then you should take a look at the following information. This enlightening article presents some of the latest news on the subject of 3G.

3G has dominated the modern world in just a few years. Although the technology is relatively new, there are already so many devices taking advantage of the functions. You can use it regardless of location, so work and leisure becomes more efficient. You have to know a little about 3G history to know how unique it is compared to other updates in the past. Here are some details and applications of the technology.

Defining 3G

3G is also called third generation. It is named as such because it is the third generation of the standards of telecommunication hardware. It is also the general technology for mobile networking, passing the recent 2.5G. The technology is founded on the ITU or International Telecommunication Union group of standards which belongs to the IMT-2000.

3G networks allow network operators to provide users a bigger range of the latest services, as it gets bigger network capacity via heightened spectral efficiency. The included services are video calls, wide-area wireless voice telephone and broadband wireless information, all included within the mobile environment. More features included are HSPA data transmission capacities that can send data rates reaching 14.4 Mbit/s on the downlink and the uplink at 5.8 Mbit/s.


Different to the IEEE 802.11 networks, that are usually known as WLAN or Wi-Fi networks, the 3G networks cover a very wide area of cellular telephone networks that turn into incorporate high-speed internet connection and video telephony. IEEE 802.11 networks have a short range, with high-bandwidth networks mainly created and improved for data and information.

If your 3G facts are out-of-date, how will that affect your actions and decisions? Make certain you don’t let important 3G information slip by you.

History and Start

The first 3G network offered for commercial use was launched in Japan by NTT DoCoMo. The network had the brand name FOMA and was introduced in May 2001 on a W-CDMA technology pre-release. The initial commercial launch of 3G was also done by NTT DoCoMo in Japan. This happened on October 1, 2001, although the technology was still very limited in terms of scope at the beginning. The broad availability, due to inadequate reliability had to be delayed.

SK Telecom from South Korea was the second network that was released commercially live. This was on the 1xEV-DO technology dated January 2002. In May 2002, the second 3G network from South Korea was on EV-DO by KTF, posing Koreans as the first to view the competition of all 3G operators.

Isle of Man by Manx Telcom was the first pre-commercial network released from Europe. At that time, the operator went by the name British Telecom. Telenor opened the first commercial network in Europe for business in December 2001. There were no commercial handsets, however, so there was also zero clients. These were on the W-CDMA technology.

The United States

The first 3G network in the United States that was released commercially was by Monet Mobile Networks. This was on CDMA2000 1x EV-DO technology. Later on, the network provider had to shut down operations. Verizon Wireless released the second 3G network operator in the United States in October 2003.

This was on CDMA2000 EV-DO, with a strongly growing network since. More and more countries adopted the changing technology and incorporated the use of 3G with mobile phones and handsets. Today, 3G is a very common feature among modern models and designs, with more innovations and heightened efficiency being introduced every year.

About the Author
By Robert Hamborg, feel free to visit:
Pinkham Communications

There are different platforms or types of 3G technology. Each manufacturer has created and developed some of the most innovative products and mobile handsets. The CDMA2000 is one of the 3 major types. It has different features and tools also that will surely give you a whole new experience, unlike other technologies before it. Here are the details on how to make the most out of the specification.


The CDMA2000 specification was created and developed by the Third Generation Partnership Project 2 or 3GPP2, which is a partnership that consists of 5 telecommunication standard bodies: TTC and ARIB in Japan, TTA in Korea, TIA in North America and CWTS in China. CDMA2000 has been implemented to a lot of networks as an evolutionary step from CDMAOne. CDMA2000 gives a full backward compatibility with IS-95B.

CDMA2000 is not contained only into a single IMT-2000 and, although managers have the ability to overlay ACDMA2000 1x system. The system backs 144 Kbps at present, with data rates running up to 307 Kbps in the near future, over the other present CDMAOne network.

Evolving the Technology

CDMA2000 1xEV is the other name of the evolved CDMA2000. This technology will be implemented via a number of steps, namely the 1xEV-DV and 1xEV-DO. 1xEV-DO which represents 1x Evolution Data Only. 1xEV-DV represents 1x Evolution Data and Voice. The two 1xEV CDMA2000 evolution steps will use a carrier standard 1.25 Mhz. 1xEV-DO will most likely be available for the operators CDMA2000 during 2002. The solutions for 1xEV-DV were made available in 2004.

Knowledge can give you a real advantage. To make sure you’re fully informed about 3G, keep reading.

CDMA2000 3x and CDMA2000 1x EV-DO are approved by ITU and IMT-2000 3G basics. CDMA2000 3x is a portion of what the ITU has called IMT-2000 CDMA MC or Multi Carrier. This uses a lower than 5 MHz spectrum via 3x 1.25 MHz channels to provide speeds of more than 2 Mbps.

The Technical Summary

As for the summary of the CDMA2000, the frequency band can be any type or existing and. The minimum frequency band needed for 1x is 2 x 1.25 MHz. For 3x, the required is 2 x 3.75 Mhz. Chip rate for 1x is 1.2288. For 3x, chip rate is 3.6864 Mcps. The maximum user data rate for 1x is 144 Kbps at present and 307 Kbps in the near future. As for 1xEV-DO, the max rate is 384 Kbps to 2.4 Mbps. The frame length is 5 ms, 10 ms or 20 ms. As for power control rate, it is at 800 Hz. The spreading factors are 4 256 UL.


W-CDMA in 3G is known as wideband code division multiple access. It is one of the main technologies used for the implementation of 3G cellular systems. It is founded on the radio access method give by ETSI Alpha group with the features and specifications finalized in 1999. The implementation of W-CDMA will cover very technical details. The complexity of the systems can be seen from various angles. These include the complexity of the receiver, the complexity of the overall system and the complexity of the single algorithm.

In W-CDMA, the interface allows users of 3G to instantly send and get various data rates. UMTS networks will need the support of all current 2G services and several new services and applications. You should consider if this will be the right technique for you.

Hopefully the sections above have contributed to your understanding of 3G. Share your new understanding about 3G with others. They’ll thank you for it.

About the Author
In entertainment news, find Carrie Underwood Tickets now for the 2012 Blown Away Tour. See Carrie Underwood Live as she performs new songs off her Blown Away album and a lot of her other great hits. About the Author Buy Carrie Underwood Tickets from Carrie Underwood Tickets

3G technology is the most recent released for mobile phones. More and more individuals all over the globe are converting to the new platforms because of faster connectivity, easier accessibility and better performance overall. You can enjoy faster downloads and viewing for music and videos, play 3D games and do video conferences with others. Here are more details about the compatibility among networks and how well you can get ahead.

Compatibility with Other Networks

UMTS networks can be managed and operated using GPRS or GSM networks. The systems will apply a number of frequency bands, so that mobiles and BTSs will not interfere with one another. Some vendors will claim their core network as UMTS compatible, such as RNC, BSC, MSC, SGSN and HLR, although several operators will choose to create an entirely independent and unique UMTS network. A number of the most recent GSM BTSs can also have parts of the UMTS radio and share a single rack.

The UMTS specifications are created, leaving maximum compatibility between UMTS and GSM systems. During the late 2002, there are also multi and dual band phones that can be applied in UMTS and GSM networks. Over time, the phones will have the capacity to do handovers from one network to another.

The Transition

There may not be a transition time from UMTS up to the current system, since the systems of GSM will continue to function constantly in the next 10 years. A number of 1G networks are actually still functional and running until this time in some areas of the world. The only limitations for operators are the terms of the GSM license and the personal preferences of clients. The networks of UMTS will be given as an addition to the mobile platform.

Now that we’ve covered those aspects of 3G, let’s turn to some of the other factors that need to be considered.

Licensing and Status

Most GSM operators failed or missed to obtain a UMTS license, such as Denmark, France and the United Kingdom. These are not totally counted out. Current operators have big assets, a huge customer base, retail network, BTS site locations, image, transmission systems and several others. These give them the advantage of making deals with license holders of 3G technology. Some of the best examples are Telia with Tele2 in Sweden and Hutchison 3G in the UK.

In the United States, a number of operators have chosen CDMAOne, CDMA2000 1x EV-DO, CDMA2000 and CDMA2000 3X. Others have even chosen GSM1900, EDGE or D-AMPD-EDGE. There are new cellular frequencies allocations that may have been delayed or postponed, leading operators to use the current frequencies that naturally stop the available capacity at a certain point.

Other Details

The TD-SCDMA 3G system has been constantly tested in China. There is license allocation and the possibility to adapt to other 3G technologies. When 3G licenses are given out or issued, the Beauty Contest term may be used. This means that the government will require every applicant to give a plan on how they intend to build a network and manage other business regarding 3G.

There are several aspects to consider when planning, such as asking how many jobs can be made, how many domestic products are consumed, what kind of plan in terms of financing will lead to success, what type of services can be availed of and how other less fortunate areas can also take advantage of 3G technology.

About the Author
By Keith Lyles, feel free to visit his Fast Track Website To Find Out More About Building A Highly Profitable Online Business: Niche Marketing

The more you understand about any subject, the more interesting it becomes. As you read this article you’ll find that the subject of 3G is certainly no exception.

3G, just like other types of technologies also come in various kinds. You can take advantage of the many features and developments by simply knowing how one type differ from the other. You can save more money by investing only in the right product that actually offers you all the right tools and applications for personal use and work. You also need to know a bit about the existing networks to know how much speed you are actually getting.

The Types

The two main types of 3G are UMTS or Universal Mobile Telephone Service and CDMA 2000. UMTS is spread out over the present GSM networks, while CDMA2000 takes 3G speeds to CDMA networks. The two types have a couple of high-speed misses, the voice-plus-data 1xEV-DV and the data-only 1xEV-DO, which are currently available in chosen suburban regions and major cities.

More expansion is underway in the near future. The speeds for both UMTS and CDMA2000 are estimated to be about the same as a regular DSL. AT&T has also released a 3.5G speed network in 2006. This is called HSDPA, which stands for High-Speed Downlink Packet Access. This begins at a speed of about 1.8 Mbps up to an excellent 14.4 Mbps. More devices and networks are being developed at present, introducing the 4G technology, such as WiMax.

3-G Capability

To get the benefits and features of 3G technology, individuals will need a 3G phone or smartphone. The start was kind of slow, but there is now a wide array of handsets, featuring 3G technology from different carriers. All the mobiles will try to provide support for the recent 3G networks. These appear in different styles, ranging from trendy to stylish. Some of the best examples include the Samsung SPH-M520 and LG Venus VX8800. The best 3.5G phones are supported by HSDPA phones, such as the AT&T Tilt and the LG CU720 Shine. Prices of the products will differ, depending on the available features and the brand.

Hopefully the information presented so far has been applicable. You might also want to consider the following:

The Different Technologies

Both PC and laptop users can get benefits from 3G networks for mobile broadband, excluding a Wi-Fi network. Individuals will only need a carrier-supplied PC Card. There are PC cards available for both EV-DO and HSDPA networks. Knowing the evolution will help you choose the right product and assess how much you are actually getting.

1G technology include AMPS, the speed is still very slow compared to today’s standards with voice only analogue feature. The 2G technology includes iDen, CDMA and GSM, with speeds less than 29 Kbps. Included features are the push-to-talk, voice, conference calls, caller ID and SMS. 2.5G technology includes EDGE, GPRS and 1x RTT, featuring speeds from 30 Kbps to 90 Kbps. The included features are MMS, web browsing, images, short video and audio clips, applications, ring tone downloads and games.

Recent Technologies

3G technology includes UMTS and 1xEV-DO ranging from 144 Kbps up to 2 Mbps. Some of the included features are full-motion video, quick web browsing, 3D games and streaming music. 3.5G technology includes HSDPA which is an upgrade for UMTS and 1x EV-DV, with speeds ranging from 384 Kbps up to 14.4 Mbps. Features include video conferencing and on-demand video. 4G and more features speeds from 100 Mbps up to 1 Gbps.

Some of the outstanding features include high quality video conferencing, high quality streaming video and voice-over-IP telephony.

When word gets around about your command of 3G facts, others who need to know about 3G will start to actively seek you out.

About the Author
By Keith Lyles, feel free to visit his Fast Track Website To Find Out More About Building A Highly Profitable Online Business: Niche Marketing

Individuals will need to try a 3G mobile phone to know how the tools and applications work. There are several high-speed networks available today, depending on your job and personal needs. The assortment of mobile units can make it quite difficult for individuals to choose. You should understand the main types or flavors of 3G technology. The inclusions are UMTS and CDMA2000, these offer a variety of effects. Here are some details on the technology.

The Main Types

The two main kinds of 3G include UMTS or Universal Mobile Telephone Service and CDMA2000. UMTS is being brought out over several available GSM networks. CDMA2000 takes 3G rates and speeds to the available CDMA networks. The two flavors have a couple of high-speed offshoots, voice-plus-data 1xEV-DV and data-only 1xEV-DO. These are available in most cities, especially nations who first launched 3G technology. Speeds of the two flavors are almost the same as the regular DSL. More and more developments on faster technologies, namely 3.5G and 4G are also underway.

Individuals will need a 3G phone to determine how fast each high-speed network works. The beginning may be slow, but there are also so many available 3G handsets today from the present carriers. All mobile phones provide support for the recent 3G networks, appearing in different styles.

Knowing More About the Term

The name 3G is usually associated with mobile phone specifications and details. 3G is one, if not the most popular cellular technology available today, with several millions of people all over the globe converting. The support of the feature allows users to acquire broadband services, without having to get wired connections. You can receive the information transfer speed, beginning from 144 Kbps up to 2.4 Mbps. The 3G mobile technology is also more popularly called 3G, which is embedded in most high end models only.

Is everything making sense so far? If not, I’m sure that with just a little more reading, all the facts will fall into place.

Knowing More About the Kinds

UMTS is a type of 3G technology that uses Wideband Code Division Access. The term is also known as W-CDMA which stands for a certain standard. CDMA 1x EV-DO is needed to take the speed of the current 3G network to CDMA.

Individuals from all over the world can easily get the 2 kinds of 3G technology, by acquiring new handsets and starting to work on functions like sending and receiving email messages, browsing the internet and doing video conferences. You can acquire the transmission speed similarly to ADSL in the entry level. The new models are available in a wide array of designs and colors. Some of the most popular in its class include the BlackBerry 7130e, Motorola Razor V3x and Samsung Z510.

What to Expect

With the new 3G technology, you can expect full motion videos, 3D gaming, faster online surfing and streaming music and music videos. There is also on-demand video and video conferencing with the upcoming 3.5G. If you expect 4G to come very soon, you can experience high quality streaming video and video conferencing.

Compared to older technologies like 1G, 2G and 2.5G, you can only expect to get simple features and tools like voice only or analogue capabilities, MMS, normal web browsing, ring tone downloads, basic games, short video and audio clips, push to talk features, conference calls, SMS and caller ID. The price of each technology will differ. 3G generally is pricier than previous models and platforms.

Now you can be a confident expert on 3G. OK, maybe not an expert. But you should have something to bring to the table next time you join a discussion on 3G.

About the Author
In entertainment news, find Carrie Underwood Tickets now for the 2012 Blown Away Tour. See Carrie Underwood Live as she performs new songs off her Blown Away album and a lot of her other great hits. About the Author Buy Carrie Underwood Tickets from Carrie Underwood Tickets

The more you understand about any subject, the more interesting it becomes. As you read this article you’ll find that the subject of 3G is certainly no exception.

Since 3G is a very new technology, it is easy to expect that there are some drawbacks as well. More and more developments are being conducted by various manufacturers worldwide, to better cater to the needs of consumers. You can take advantage by getting to know your gadgets and tools from the inside out. Here are some details on the possible consequences and if you should consider getting your own 3G mobile unit.

Some Backfires

Some devices, particularly the iPhone 3G, has no instant messaging options or MMS. You then take out the advantage of sending and receiving photos via MMS. There is inadequate or missing expandable memory too. A number of devices may appear in a couple of variants, namely the 8 and 16 GB built-in memory.

The non-detachable battery also is a disadvantage, since you have to put two and two together to get the needed energy. There are also limited service provider selections, so you do not get to pick your personal ISP. Instead it is taken and sold via a certain MSP Mobile Service Provider. The price of some 3G tools also may be very expensive for a number of individuals. You should learn how to compare your options on the internet and through local dealers.


Several network elements can be used again, starting from GPRS network. The included ones are HLR or home location register, VLR or visitor location register, EIR or equipment identity register, MSC or mobile switching center which is vendor dependent, AUC or authentication center, GGSN or gateway GPRS support node and SGSN which is vendor dependent or serving GPRS support node.

If your 3G facts are out-of-date, how will that affect your actions and decisions? Make certain you don’t let important 3G information slip by you.

If you are starting from GSM or global service for mobile communication radio network, you cannot use some elements again, such as BSC or base station controller and BTS or base transceiver station. These can stay inside the network and be used in two network operations wherein 2G and 3G networks exist together. At this occasion the network migration and recent 3G terminals are also present for use within the network.

Some Functionalities

The UMTS network shows and introduces some recent network elements that work as specified by 3GPP, namely MGW or media gateway, base station or node B or RNC or radio network controller. The functions of SGSN and MSC will vary when going toward UMTS. In a GSM system, the MSG controls all the circuit switched operations such as linking A and B subscriber through the network. In UMTS, the MGW or media gateway is responsible for all types of data transferred in both the pack switched networks and the circuits. MSC and SGSN manage operations of MGW. The nodes will be named again to GSN and MSC servers.

Discussing Security

Compared to its 2G predecessors, 3G networks are a lot more secure. It allows the UE to authenticate the network it is attaching to, allowing the user to be certain that the network is the right one and not just a mere impersonator. 3G networks usually make use of the KASUMI block crypto, compared to the old A5/1 stream cipher. Several major weaknesses in the cipher have been discovered, however.

There is also end to end security provided when application frameworks like IMS are accessed.

Those who only know one or two facts about 3G can be confused by misleading information. The best way to help those who are misled is to gently correct them with the truths you’re learning here.

About the Author
By Anders Eriksson, now offering the host then profit baby plan for only $1 over at Host Then Profit

Current info about 3G is not always the easiest thing to locate. Fortunately, this report includes the latest 3G info available.

3G technology also comes in various forms and platforms. Understanding the major ones will help you decide which one is the right tool. You should also tell the technical details, to know if you are getting the right kind of efficiency and accessibility. Getting information from the internet other various sources will never be as convenient as fast, since 3G is the newest available. There are new developments and changes as well to get you ahead.

Knowing WCDMA or UMTS

W-CDMA wideband code-division multiple-access is among the major technologies that implement the 3G or third generation cellular systems. This is founded on the radio access technique suggested by the ETSI Alpha Group. The details and specifications were finalized in 1999. The implementation of W-CDMA is going to be a technical challenge due to the complexity and versatility. The sophistication of the of the systems of W-CDMA can be seen from various aspects.

These are namely the complexity of the overall system, computation complexity of the receiver and the complexity of ever single algorithm. W-CDMA link-level simulations or more than 10 times the compute intensive compared to 2G simulations. In the interface of W-CDMA, the different interface users can immediately transmit at varying information rates, with the data rates even varying in time. Networks of the UMTS are required to support every 2G service, plus new services and applications.

The Technical Details

Is everything making sense so far? If not, I’m sure that with just a little more reading, all the facts will fall into place.

As for the FDD technical summary, the frequency band will range from 1920 MHz up to 1980 MHz and 2110 MHz and 2170 MHz or frequency division duplex. The minimum frequency band needed is 2 x 5 MHz. The frequency re-use is 1. Carrier spacing is between 4.4 MHz and 5.2 MHz. The most number of voice channels on 2 x 5 MHz is 96 with a spreading factor of 256 UL and AMR or 7.95 Kbps and 98 with a spreading factor of 128 UL and AMR of 12.2 Kbps.

Other Specs

The voice coding includes AMR codecs ranging from 4.75 kHz up to 12.2 kHz, GSM EFR is at 12.2 kHz. SID is also included at 1.8 kHz. The channel coding includes convolutional coding with turbo code for high rate data. The duplexer required is 190 MHz separation with asymmetric connection supported. Tx and Rx isolation is MS:55db and BS:80dB. The Receiver is Rake, while receiver sensitivity is Node B.

More Information

Data type for the device is packet and circuit switch. Modulation is QPSK and pulse shaping is root raised cosine, rolling off at 0.22. The chip rate is 3.84 Mcps while the channel raster is 200 kHz. Maximum user data rate on the physical channel is 2.3 Mbps with a spreading factor of 4, and parallel codes of 3 DL / 6 UL, with limited interference. HSPDA will provide data speeds going as fast as 8 to 10 Mps and 20 Mbps for MIMO systems. The channel it rate is 5.67 Mbps with a frame length of 10 ms or 38400 chips.

There are 15 slots or frames, and 2560 chips. Handovers are soft and softer, plus a hard interfrequency. The power control period has a time slot with a rate of 1500 Hz. Power control step size is 0.5, 1, 1.5 and 2 dB while power control range is UL 80 dB and DL at 30 dB.

Knowing enough about 3G to make solid, informed choices cuts down on the fear factor. If you apply what you’ve just learned about 3G, you should have nothing to worry about.

About the Author
In entertainment news, find Boston Tickets now for all Concerts, Theater, and Sports like Boston Bruins, Boston Celtics and more. Buy Boston Tickets now from

The following paragraphs summarize the work of 3G experts who are completely familiar with all the aspects of 3G. Heed their advice to avoid any 3G surprises.

Technology changes very quickly, which is why you have to be very sure about the gadgets and tools you purchase to get the most benefits. There are several generations available, as far as mobile phones are concerned. You may find that some are still very functional enough to provide for your personal and professional needs. Here are some details about the technology and corresponding network.

The Technical Terms

Generations are defined according to their period of existence. The first kinds are 1G networks, namely C-Nets, NMT, TACS and AMPS which are categorized among the first analogue cellular systems. These began in the early periods of the 1980s. There are radio telephone systems before these. The 2G networks, namely DAMPS, GSM and CDMAOne are the initial digital cellular systems released during the early 1990s. The 2.5G networks, CDMA2000 1x and GPRS are the improved versions of the 2G networks with information speeds moving up to 144 Kbps.

3G networks, namely UMTS TDD and UMTS FDD, CDMA2000 3x, TD-SCDMA, CDMA2000 1x EVDO, Arib WCDMA, IMT-2000 DECT and EDGE are the most recent cellular networks with data rates ranging up to 384 Kbit/s and higher. 4G is generally a marketing concept at present. There are already studies and research being conducted to develop the 4G, although no frequencies have been assigned yet. This newest technology is expected to launch in 2012.

The International Groups

Think about what you’ve read so far. Does it reinforce what you already know about 3G? Or was there something completely new? What about the remaining paragraphs?

ETSI or European Telecommunications Standards Institute is functioning in Europe to improve technical standards for the UMTS. 3GPP or 3rd Generation Partnership Project is a participation between international standards groups will lead to UMTS and 3G mobile telephony technical specifications. The starting members include TTC and ARIB from Japan, TTA of Korea, T1 (ANSI) of the United States and ETSI from Europe. The function of the groups is presented globally by the ITU or International Telecommunication Union.

ITU direct worldwide spectrum and the standardization of IMT2000, lets regional regulatory policies work together and is a framework and base for 3G combination over different technologies and regions. The UMTS Forum shows the opinions and views of the telecommunication operators and industry. These are a mobile operator group, together with GSM Associates. European Union or EU brings together the 15 members on implementation of the UMTS.

Comparing UMTS

UMTS is quite different and unique from other 2G networks at present. It offers higher speech quality that available networks now have, in addition to speech traffic UMTS, with information services and advanced information. UMTS is advantageous compared to 2G because of its capacity to support 2 Mbit/s data speeds. UMTS is considered as a true global system, made of both satellite and terrestrial components. The consistent service area is one of the best aspects, even when the person is roaming through the VHE or Virtual Home Environment. Users still get to have a variety of services, despite a roaming status.

Being Wideband

WCDMA is called wideband, because 3G WCDMA systems have a bandwidth of 5 MHz in a single direction. 5 MHz is not considered wide or narrow, but the bandwidth is relatively very high. The recent 3G WCDMA systems have a bigger bandwidth compared to current 2G CDMA systems. The new 3G WCDMA systems have wider bandwidth compared to current CDMA systems. There are also commercial CDMA systems with 20 MHz bandwidth.

That’s how things stand right now. Keep in mind that any subject can change over time, so be sure you keep up with the latest news.

About the Author
By Keith Lyles, feel free to visit his Fast Track Website To Find Out More About Building A Highly Profitable Online Business: Niche Marketing

3G technology has taken the world by storm, with more and more users converting into the new platforms and systems that promise faster downloads, more efficient communication processes and better online experiences. You can get ahead by knowing the possible opportunities and pitfalls as well. Some people successfully make the transition from 2G to 3G, while others just prefer more traditional methods. Here are some starter tips.

New Technologies

3G technology is the latest one that offers faster data transfers through people’s cellular phones. 3G stands for third generation mobile telephone communication systems technology. People will be able to receive and transmit data at a rate of 2 Megabits for every second. 3G cellular phones are also capable of having conventional fax, data and voice services, plus multimedia and high-resolution video services that can be used, while you are mobile. Other mobile office services are included such as online-billing, online banking, access to the internet, online entertainment and video conferencing.

This type of mobile telephone technology significantly improves the means of communication for millions of individuals all over the globe. They can also discover new functions and uses for their cellular phones for both work and personal use.

More Benefits

One of the more known advantages of 3G technology, is that it allows your phone’s capacity to view television shows through your cellular phone. You can also experience video conversations with other individuals, regardless of the time and place, who are also investing in 3G technology.

You may not consider everything you just read to be crucial information about 3G. But don’t be surprised if you find yourself recalling and using this very information in the next few days.

3G phones have become one of the most powerful devices available. People get to conduct video conferencing if ever their flight gets delayed or they have other location problems. Some of the other useful applications of 3G phones include positioning services, map services and multiplayer gaming, which appeals to both teenagers and kids.

Getting More

The 3G technology allows cellular phones to be capable of work regardless of the owner’s location and the time, because of the several available applications. You can instantly simply tasks and scheduled activities, such as shopping, so that you can order items that need to be restocked. You can require and order goods over the internet, and have them ready for pickup to help you save more time and energy.

You can also balance checks and pay your bills and debts, by simply logging on to your bank account via the 3G gadgets you have. You can book dinners and hotel reservations in advance, in other cities and countries. 3G technology also gives you enough time and space to work to optimum levels. Teleconferencing is among the most excellent applications for 3G technology at work.

Changes and Enhancements

Despite the fact that 3G technology provide new changes and advanced methods in telecommunication, there are a number of things that may make the technology consequential. These new 3G cellular phones are actually a lot pricier, compared to traditional models. People can also do video conferences only with other 3G subscribers. There are several enhancements to features and applications, which is why you should consider the kinds of work you plan to do, to determine if the technology is the best one for your needs.

Newer technologies are also in the works, such as 4G and 3.5G. You can choose to wait for these, or describe the new changes as worthy of your hard-earned cash.

Now you can be a confident expert on 3G. OK, maybe not an expert. But you should have something to bring to the table next time you join a discussion on 3G.

About the Author
By Anders Eriksson, now offering the host then profit baby plan for only $1 over at Host Then Profit